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What is Dandruff?

Dandruff is a chronic condition of the scalp characterized by the shedding of visible flakes of skin. Dandruff may be caused by a dry or oily scalp, but it can also be related to other skin conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis and fungal infection.

Causes of Dandruff

One cause of dandruff is an overly dry condition of the scalp. This causes skin to flake off in tiny visible pieces. This dryness of the scalp can be related to the humidity of your surroundings or to shampoos that wash too much of your scalp’s natural oils away.

Another cause of dandruff is inflammation of the scalp. Large pieces of dandruff slough off of areas of inflamed skin. This condition can be differentiated from dry scalp dandruff by the presence of patches of red/pink, inflamed, and itchy areas on the scalp. The dandruff is larger in size and may have a yellow appearance.

An overly oily scalp can also causes dandruff by clogging pores and feeding bacteria or fungus that go on to infest the scalp.

Treatment of Dandruff

The scalp is an area of skin, and keeping it healthy can go a long way in preventing dandruff from even occurring. The best way to do this is to have a complete diet with components that are important to a healthy skin such as vitamins A, B complex, C, E, zinc, and omega-3 fatty acids. Combined with a low sugar diet, this will allow you to have a healthy scalp free of inflammation. More on diets that stop dandruff.

Changing the way you shampoo your hair and scalp can also stop dandruff. Washing your hair every day and massaging your scalp will remove dead skin cells and lessen dandruff. Anti-dandruff shampoos can be used to provide further relief. Depending on their active ingredients anti-dandruff shampoos may stop itching and irritation of the scalp, slow down the rate that skin cells slough off of the scalp, and control fungus.

A number of home remedies for dandruff are also available.

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