What is Keratoconjunctivitis

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What is Keratoconjunctivitis?

When the cornea of the eye is inflamed, the condition is called keratitis; when the conjunctiva is inflamed, it is called conjunctivitis. Therefore, Keratoconjunctivitis is an inflammation of both the cornea and conjunctiva. This condition occurs when the eye collects particles that trigger an allergic reaction.

Symptoms of Keratoconjunctivitis

  • Itchy, red, watery eyes
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Sensitivity to sunlight
  • Symptoms usually disappear during cold weather and become weaker over time.

    Treatment for Keratoconjunctivitis

    Antihistamine and corticosteroid may be prescribed and can be administered through oral means or as eye drops. Corticosteroid should not be used in the long term because of their side effects and the possibility of infections and deterioration of vision.

    Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis

    Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is a conjunctivitis or swelling of the conjunctiva of the eye that is caused by an allergic reaction. As it gets worst complications arise such as ulceration, corneal scarring, retinal detachment, increased predisposition to cataracts, and vision loss.

    Symptoms of Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis

  • Itchy red eyes
  • Burning sensation
  • Sensitivity to light
  • If such symptoms arise it is important to get treated otherwise the complications noted above can lead to vision loss.

    Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis Treatment

    As with other allergies, the best thing to do is prevent them in the first place. Staying away from allergens such as dust, pollen, and animal dander can help prevent this condition. Allergy medication like decadron eye drops and in severe cases, cyclosporine can be prescribed.

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