Anaphylactic Shock Treatment
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin is the standard treatment for anaphylactic shock. It will counteract the drop in blood pressure as well as dilate the air passages and allow the patient to breath.
In severe cases a tracheotomy may be performed to bypass the swollen tissue of the mouth and allow the patient to breathe. An antihistamine may be prescribed once the initial attack has subsided to reduce itchiness, redness, and increase comfort. A glucocorticoid may be used to prevent relapse immediately after anaphylactic shock has occurred.
Prevention of Anaphylactic Shock
The most important thing to do after this potentially life threatening incident has occurred is to identify the allergen in order to prevent the reaction from happening again. An allergist can assist in this identification with a number of controlled tests in which the patient is exposed to various allergens to determine with one caused the anaphylaxis.